Tag Archives: Monsanto

Making Our Food Choices Personal

In 1991, I moved to DeKalb, Illinois, to teach in a small farming community 17 miles southwest of DeKalb. In the years since then, it’s been easy to see that farmland is disappearing. New housing developments have cropped up around DeKalb and more strip malls are being built. The Chicago suburbs are expanding farther and farther west. Is this progress? Perhaps. Yet all these outlet malls, auto marts, and huge new houses are swallowing up some of the richest farmland in the world. The flat farm fields of Illinois may not look like much to the naked eye, but farmers will tell you that the dark rich soil of Northern Illinois is perfect for growing crops.

Disappearing farmland should be a concern to all of us. When the year 2050 comes around, we’ll need to feed 9 billion people on approximately the same amount or less farmland we currently have. This is more important than the fight between organic and conventional foods. There isn’t just one solution. By using a variety of farming techniques, including organic and conventional farming, we can succeed in feeding the world.

Monsanto greenhouse corn
A Monsanto greenhouse

The conversation about food is difficult. It shouldn’t be, but it is. Among suburban moms, it is “fashionable” to buy only organic foods. We are making the topic of food choices too personal. I have been told (not by a doctor) that I should eat only grass fed beef because of my medical history. When I wrote on Facebook that I was was going to visit Monsanto, one person unfriended me. When my husband became interested in what Monsanto does and liked their Facebook page, a member of the family asked him, “You don’t really like Monsanto, do you?” Social media has done a good job of spreading fear and mistrust of GMOs and the companies that produce them. Dig a little deeper, though, and you’ll find that one of Monsanto’s executives agrees with using organic and GMOs to help feed the world. It can’t just be one or the other.

The farming community is opening their doors to City Moms. Farmers are talking about why they farm the way they do. They are open to discussing GMOs, use of pesticides, and how they treat their livestock. They have many choices, and Monsanto seed is only one of their choices. They also have the responsibility of providing enough food for everyone as our population keeps growing. It takes courage for the City Moms to have open minds and to listen to what they are telling us, even when our friends are telling us not to listen.

Monsanto greenhouse
City Moms learning about growing GM corn.

I had no idea when I became a City Mom that I would be learning so much about agriculture and the food we eat. I didn’t know I would develop a passion to learn more. I also didn’t realize that I would not only be learning about the food on my dinner table, but also about feeding billions of people in the future. I now read farm blogs and agricultural reports, along with scientific articles about our food supplies. I’m personalizing my food choices by learning more about my food.

Field Mom Ambassador

Field Mom Corn Acre

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Visiting Monsanto

Just for a moment, put aside all that you think you know about Monsanto and GMOs.

Currently, Monsanto’s focus is on agriculture. They deliver agricultural products that support farmers all around the world. Through my role as a Field Mom Alumni for Illinois Farm Families, I was invited to visit Monsanto at the end of April.

Monsanto's Chesterfield Research Facility
Monsanto’s Chesterfield Research Facility

I’ve been learning a lot about modern agriculture and was very excited to be able to tour Monsanto’s Biotechnology Research Center. I was among a group of about twenty women from the Chicago area, and we all had a lot of questions. Our group of women was very diverse and we had a variety of opinions about the topics of the day: GMOs, honeybees, pesticides, and more. The one thing that we all have in common is the desire to feed our families healthy, wholesome foods.

Monsanto’s primary objective is to support farmers around the world in a variety of ways. In order to produce seeds for agriculture, Monsanto uses biotechnology and traditional plant cross-breeding techniques. Not only does Monsanto provide corn and soybean seed to farmers, Monsanto has a large vegetable seed division. They sell their seeds to organic farmers as well as conventional farmers.

Insects are one of the biggest challenges farmers face. They need to protect the potential of crops from pests that will destroy them. If you look at the numbers, they are staggering. There are up to 4 million insects per acre (approximately the size of a football field). That’s a lot of insects!

Insects poster

One of the ways farmers can combat insect pests is by using Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) and bioengineering. This bacterium is a natural pesticide that has been used by organic farmers safely for years. It is also the key ingredient to certain genetically modified organisms (GMOS) designed to resist insect pests.

How do GMOs work? Let’s take a look at Bt corn seed. The desired trait from Bt, a protective protein code, is placed into the DNA of corn. The corn then produces this protein as it grows and uses it as a natural pesticide. Insects can’t tolerate this protein and die soon after they eat the roots or leaves of the corn. Why is this safe for us to eat? Insects have an alkaline system, and we have an acidic digestive system. If we were to ingest any of the Bt proteins, our stomachs would break down the protein safely in a matter of hours. Other GM crops may be modified using other desired traits, such as the disease resistance in the Rainbow Papaya. (More about this papaya below.)

In order to prevent insects who become resistant to the Bt protein from mating with each other, farmers are required to plant 5-10% non-GMO corn in a field along with GMO corn. It’s all about “insect sex,” as one farmer in our group said! The majority of insects that live in the field will be eating the non-GMO corn, and if there happen to be some insects that are resistant to the Bt corn, they will mate with the non-resistant insects and their offspring will also be non-resistant. This mix of non-GMO seed and GMO seed is called “Refuge in the Bag.”

non-GMO soybean plant on the left; GMO soybean plant on the right. Both are being exposed to the Soybean Looper and the Velvetbean Caterpillar.
Non-GMO soybean plant on the left; GMO soybean plant on the right. Both are being exposed to the Soybean Looper and the Velvetbean Caterpillar.

 

Monsanto is not the only company that develops GMOs. Other seed companies, such as DuPont, Bayer, and Syngenta all sell genetically modified seed. Researchers at several universities are also involved in genetic modification of seeds for many reasons. For example, the papaya ringspot virus almost decimated the papaya on Hawaii, until researchers from Cornell University and the University of Hawaii developed the genetically modified Rainbow Papaya.

The term “genetically modified organism” seems scary, doesn’t it? This label came about from other organizations, not Monsanto, but the phrase has stuck. Therefore, Monsanto uses the terms “biotechnology” and “GMO” interchangeably. They want to become more transparent and gain a greater level of trust among us as consumers.

Soybean growing chamber, simulating a hot, humid environment.
Soybean growing chamber, simulating a hot, humid environment.

There are only eight crops commercially available from GMO seeds in the U.S. Just a few days ago, I watched a video on Facebook that implied that there were GM strawberries. No GM strawberries exist! These are the only GM crops: Rainbow Papaya, corn (field corn and sweet corn), canola, soybean, alfalfa, cotton, sugar beets, and summer squash.

Why should we trust Monsanto about the safety of GMOs? Monsanto does its own research on the safety of its GM products. There is also a large database from third party researchers, including research in European countries, which proves that GM foods are safe.

During my visit to Monsanto, I felt that our tour guides took our questions seriously and answered them openly. The people who work there were genuinely delighted to show us around and explain the technology and lab research to us. I learned more about Monsanto and agriculture than I can share in just one blog post! Look for another post during the next month.

Monsanto has an excellent website, where they also answer questions from consumers like us: Discover Monsanto. Did anything about my tour surprise you?

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Travel expenses were subsidized by Illinois Corn Growers. Travel expenses within Missouri and lunch was provided by Monsanto. All opinions are my own. In our conversation about agriculture, organic and GMO foods, please be respectful.

 

Could the Use Of GMOs Help Our Environment?

We are very fortunate to live close to our elementary school and I pick up my daughters after school every day. We walk in any kind of weather; rain, snow or shine. As we walk, we pass a long line of cars waiting for children to come out the doors when the bell rings and–this annoys me–their engines are running the entire time. All I can think about are those noxious fumes going into the air.

walking to school

Ever since my parents bought me my first copy of Ranger Rick, I’ve been interested in preserving our environment. So it was very interesting to me when I learned that organic farming, something we think is good for the environment, actually has a larger carbon footprint than farmers who use genetically modified crops. Why? The simple explanation is that organic farmers need to go over their fields more often to till up weeds.

Sometimes, even when we try to make the right choices, we don’t completely understand the environmental impact our choices have. Yes, organic farming is good for the environment because it uses more natural pesticides and herbicides, but it also uses more gas to run the tractors over the fields more often. Every time a farmer tills the ground, nutrients and water are released into the air. Tilling can also lead to water run-off and fertilizers may enter the water system. Even natural fertilizers can cause problems in our waterways. Nitrogen and phosphorus that help crops grow also cause algae to grow. The algal bloom in Lake Erie last summer affected the drinking water of thousands of people.

Many farmers are protecting our environment, the soil and the water by using the no-till method. Genetically modified crops enable farmers to use this method. As I research genetically modified crops, I have become more excited about the technology and science behind GMOs. It seems counter intuitive, doesn’t it? How can I consider myself to be an environmentalist and also be excited about the possibilities GMOs offer?

Field Mom Corn Acre

On Saturday, I have the amazing opportunity to visit Monsanto, a company well-known (and vilified) for producing GMO products. One of the questions I will be asking is how GMOs affect the environment.

I’m glad we live in a place where we have a variety of farms and so many food choices. Do I buy organic food? Not usually. When I gave up my career to stay at home with my children, I also became very budget conscious. Organic foods usually don’t fit into that budget. Part of the luxury of working part time, however, is being able to buy less processed food and make more meals from scratch.

Do I support your choice to buy organic food? Absolutely! I’m not going to try to convince you otherwise. It’s good to be skeptical and to search for answers. I believe that the key word here is to search, and not rely on just one source or one point of view. In the next few farming posts, I’ll tell you about my search process, including my trip to Monsanto.

Be honest with me. What do you think about GMOs? What questions do you have about GMOs?

 

Field Mom Ambassador

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In our discussion about organic foods and GMOs, please be respectful. Any comment that is inappropriate or inflammatory may be removed.

 

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